Namibia is a country in southern Africa whose western border is the Atlantic Ocean. It shares land borders with Angola and Zambia to the North, Botswana to the east and South Africa to the south. Although Namibia does not border Zimbabwe, there is less than 200 metres of the Zambezi River that separate the two countries.
The San, Damara and Nama inhabited the Namibian dry land since the early times. Immigrating Bantu people arrived since about 14th century as part of the Bantu expansion. Since then the Bantu groups in total, one of which is known as the Ovambo people have dominated the population of the Country and have constituted a majority since the 19th century.
Wedged between the Namib Desert in the West and the Kalahari Desert in the East, Namibia is one of the driest countries and 70% of the countries rain occurs between December and March. Unlike other countries Namibia is an all year destination. The summer months (October – April) are best for general photography and Bird watching, while the winter months (May – September) are best for Game viewing and Hiking. Temperatures reach above 35 degrees Celsius in summer and during winter the days are warmer but the nights are very cold often below zero degrees Celsius.
Namibia’s top tourist attraction is the Etosha National Park, situated in the central northern Namibia, where large herds of game are seen against the ghostly white expanses of the Etosha pan. A bird-watchers paradise and a place for complete peace and relaxation is how to best describe the Kavango and Caprivi Areas situated to the north eastern Namibia.
Other tourist destinations are Sossusvlei in the Namib-naukluft Park, the majestic fish river canyon in the south, the harbour town of Luderitz and the former diamond settlement, Kolmanskop.
Damaraland is an area rich in geological phenomena. Kaokoland is the land of the Ochre people and home to the desert-adapted elephant and rhino. Twyfelfontein with its rock engravings, the monumental Brandberg famous for the white lady rock painting and the Epupa Falls on the Kunene River. On the Namib coast is where you find Swakopmund which is the country’s top seaside destination, the legendary Sandwich harbour and the cape cross Seal Reserve.
President: Hage Geingob (2015)
Prime Minister: Saara Kuugongelwa-Amadhila (2015)
Area: Namibia covers 824,292 sq km (318,259 sq mi)
Population: 2.1 million people (2013 est.)
Capital & largest city: Windhoek
Time zone: CAT (UCT+2)
Currency: The Namibian Dollar (N$) is fixed to the value of the South African Rand (ZAR/R) which can also be used as legal tender. All major Credit cards are accepted.