Bordered by South Africa, Zambia and Namibia, Botswana’s landscape is a study of contrasts – an expanse of savannahs, deserts, wetlands and salt pans stretching from the red desert dunes of the Kalahari, home of the Bushmen to the lush green of the waterways of the Okavango Delta. The varied landscapes change with the seasons meaning that in Botswana, every safari is unique.
Botswana has the largest elephant population in the World, including various Antelope, Kudu, Giraffe, Cheetah, Ostrich, Leopard, Wild Dog, Lion and more.
The wildlife of Botswana refers to the flora and fauna of Botswana. The National Parks and Game reserves are The Chobe National Park, Moremi Game Reserve, The Central Kalahari Game Reserve, Makgadikgadi National Park & Nxai Pan and The Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. The Mashatu Game Reserve and Mokolodi Nature Reserve are privately owned.
During the rainy season the delta comes alive with sounds of hundreds of bird species while a large number of game migrate to the summer grazing areas, particularly the Elephant & Buffalos herds in order for them to survive away from the permanent water sources.
In April & early May the grasses are very long and game viewing can be challenging. The best time to Visit Botswana is between May and October when the large number of animals migrate toward the Okavango Delta.
The Country is named after its dominant ethnic group the Tswana or Batswana and the Citizens of Botswana are referred to as Batswana (plural form) or Motswana (singular form) grouped into two categories, the Setswana speaking and the Non Setswana speaking people.
Amongst the Setswana speaking people are The Bakgalagadi – who are one of the oldest groups and they live in the central regions of the Kalahari around Ghanzi & Kang.
The Baherero came from Namibia and settled in Maun and along the western edges of the Okavango Delta; they are one of Botswana’s Ethnic minority Tribes.
President: Mokgweetsi Masisi (2018)
Area: 581,730 sq km
Population: 1.9 million people
Capital & largest city: Gaborone
Time zone: CAT (UCT+2)
Electric Current: 220 or 240v AC,50Hz
Currency: Botswana Pula & Thebe. One Pula is made up of 100 Thebe, Coins available are 5t, 10t, 25t, 50t, P1 & P2. The Notes available are P10, P20, P50, P100 & P200